History of Pandemics

Coronavirus

COVID 19

MERS virus

Time period 
Name
 Type / Pre-human host 
Death toll
2019-Present
COVID-19
Coronavirus – Unknown (possibly Bats)
119,521 (Johns Hopkins University estimate as of 9:00 pm PT, April 13)
2015-Present
MERS
Coronavirus / Bats, camels
850
2014-2016
Ebola
Ebolavirus / Wild animals
11,000
2002-2003
SARS
Coronavirus / Bats, Civets
770
2009-2010
Swine Flu
Virus / Chimpanzees
200,000
1981-present
HIV/AIDS
H3N2 virus
25-35M
1968-1970
Hong Kong Flu
H2N2 virus
1M
1957-1958
Asian Flu
H1N1 virus / Pigs
1.1M
1918-1919
Spanish Flu
Believed to be H2N2 (avian origin)
40-50m
1889-1890
Russian Flu
Virus / Mosquitoes
1M
Late 1800s
Yellow Fever
Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas
100,000-150,000 (U.S.)
1885
Third Plague
 Type / Pre-human host 
12M (China and India)
1817-1923
Cholera Pandemics 1-6
V. cholerae bacteria
1M+
1629-1631
Italian plague
Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas
1M
1665
Great Plague of London
Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas
100,000
1520 – onwards
New World Smallpox Outbrea
Variola major virus
56M
1347-1351
Black Death
Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas
200M
541-542
Plague of Justinian
Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas
30-50M
735-737
Japanese smallpox epidemic
Variola major virus
1M
165-180
Antonine Plague
Believed to be either smallpox or measles
5M

2020 ALL NEW DIGITAL PRIVACY POLICY

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